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语义距离与创造性思维关系的元分析

A meta-analysis of the relationship between semantic distance and creative thinking

Abstracts

自然语言处理的发展为探究语义距离与创造性思维的关系提供了可靠且有效的研究方法。近些年关于两者之间关系的研究逐渐增多,但研究结论并不一致。本研究基于创造力联想理论及扩散激活模型,通过元分析的方法探讨了语义距离与创造性思维的整体关系,并且分析了以往研究结论不一致的原因。本文经过文献检索和筛选后获得14项研究,提取r值作为效应值 (共53个效应值,4729个独立样本),并使用随机效应模型进行了元分析。结果显示:语义距离与创造性思维存在中等程度的正相关 (r = 0.379, 95%CI [0.300, 0.452]);二者的相关强度受到被试年龄和创造性思维不同测量指标的调节。研究结果表明语义距离与创造性思维关系密切,同时解释了以往研究结论不一致的原因。上述结果不仅能为更深入地探讨创造性思维的认知神经机制提供新的研究视角和理论解释,而且有助于更全面地理解语义距离与创造性思维二者的关系及其边界条件,为更好地解释、预测和提升创造力提供科学依据和重要启示。

[英文摘要]The development of natural language processing has offered reliable and valid research methods for exploring the relationship between semantic distance and creative thinking. There are more and more studies in this direction in recent years. However, the research findings are inconsistent in this direction. Based on the Associative Theory of Creativity and the Spreading#2;Activation Model, the present study investigated the relationship between semantic distance and creative thinking by using a meta-analysis method. The reasons for the inconsistency of previous studies in this line of research were also analyzed. The current research involved 14 studies and extracted 53 effect sizes from 4729 subjects. The random effect model was used for the meta#2;analysis. The results showed that there was a moderate positive correlation between semantic distance and creative thinking (r = 0.379, 95%CI [0.300, 0.452]). The meta-regression analysis found that the correlation was moderated by the age of participants and dimensions of creative thinking. Specifically, the results suggested that the correlation between semantic distance and creative thinking decreased with the increase in the age of participants. In addition, flexibility had a higher correlation coefficient with semantic distance than originality and fluency. However, elaboration had a negative correlation with semantic distance. This is the potential reason for the inconsistent results in previous studies. The current study provides new perspectives and explanations for exploring cognitive and neural mechanisms of creativity. It contributes to the exploration of the relationship between semantic distance and creative thinking. The current study offers better scientific evidence and important implications for interpreting, predicting, and improving creativity.

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From: 李亚丹
DOI:10.12074/202211.00244
Recommended references: 李亚丹,杜颖,谢聪,刘春宇,杨毅隆,李阳萍,邱江.(2022).语义距离与创造性思维关系的元分析.[ChinaXiv:202211.00244] (Click&Copy)
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[V1] 2022-11-20 14:11:46 chinaXiv:202211.00244V1 Download
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