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领导每日消极反馈对员工创造力的影响机制

The effects of daily supervisor negative feedback on employee creativity Abstract

Abstracts

关于领导消极反馈对员工创造力的影响,现有文献存在相互矛盾的观点。基于反馈干预理论,采用经验取样法探讨不同目标导向个体对领导每日消极反馈的差异性反应,以及由此导致的不同创造力水平。对来自95名被试716个观察值的多层次路径分析发现:对高证明目标导向的员工而言,领导每日消极反馈通过促进当晚问题解决反思,提升了第二天的创造力。对高回避目标导向的员工而言,领导每日消极反馈通过引发当晚情感反刍,抑制了第二天的创造力。以上研究发现有助于全面揭示领导消极反馈对员工创造力的影响效应,为领导力发展与组织创新管理提供有益借鉴。

[英文摘要]Previous findings regarding the impact of supervisor negative feedback on employee creativity have seemingly been inconsistent. Researchers have reported positive, negative, and nonsignificant relationships between supervisor negative feedback and employee creativity. The present study aims to explore the possibility that supervisor negative feedback has short-lived impacts on employee creativity. Drawing from feedback intervention theory, we propose that proving goal orientation moderates the indirect effect of daily supervisor negative feedback on employee next-day creativity through problem-solving pondering at night such that this effect is stronger for individuals with higher levels of proving goal orientation. In addition, we suggest that avoiding goal orientation moderates the indirect effect of daily supervisor negative feedback on employee next-day creativity through affective rumination at night such that this effect is stronger for individuals with higher levels of avoiding goal orientation. We conducted a field study using experience sampling methodology to collect data from employees of a design institute in northern China. The questionnaire survey process included an initial one-time entry survey and daily surveys administered over a period of two weeks. One week before the start of the daily surveys, participants reported their proving goal orientation, avoiding goal orientation, and demographic information. During the two-week daily survey period, participants assessed daily supervisor negative feedback and daily creativity at 5:30 p.m. and rated 21 problem-solving pondering and affective rumination at 8:30 p.m. each evening. The final sample included 716 usable observations collected from 95 employees. To test the proposed hypotheses, we conducted two-level path-analyses using Mplus 8.0 and performed a Monte Carlo simulation procedure using R software. As hypothesized, employees with different goal orientations reacted differently to daily supervisor negative feedback. The results showed that the relationship between daily supervisor negative feedback and problem-solving pondering at night was positive when proving goal orientation was high. We also found that the relationship between daily supervisor negative feedback and affective rumination at night was positive when avoiding goal orientation was high. Furthermore, for employees with high levels of proving goal orientation, daily supervisor negative feedback promoted their creativity the next day by activating their problem-solving pondering at night. However, for employees with low levels of proving goal orientation, this indirect effect was not significant. In addition, for employees with high levels of avoiding goal orientation, daily supervisor negative feedback inhibited their creativity the next day by eliciting their affective rumination at night. However, for employees with low levels of avoiding goal orientation, this indirect effect was not significant. The current study makes several theoretical contributions. First, we adopt a dynamic perspective to capture the within-person variance in creativity resulting from daily fluctuations in supervisor negative feedback. Second, this study enrichesfeedback intervention theory by exploring the mediating roles of problem-solving pondering and affective rumination in the link of supervisor negative feedback with employee creativity. Third, the present study reconciles the conflicting findings of previous research by demonstrating the differential effects of daily supervisor negative feedback on employees with different goal orientations.

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From: 董念念
Recommended references: 董念念,尹奎,邢璐,孙鑫,董雅楠.(2022).领导每日消极反馈对员工创造力的影响机制.doi:10.12074/202211.00303V1 (Click&Copy)
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[V1] 2022-11-23 15:15:08 chinaXiv:202211.00303V1 Download
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