Clan Culture predicts Provincial Variations in the Naming of Zhaodi
Abstract: The unique Chinese first name Zhaodi (招娣) offers an intriguing lens to examine provincial variations in son preference and its deep-rooted ties to clan culture. While most first names carry implicit or ambiguous meanings, Zhaodi stands out as it explicitly signifies parents' fervent hope for a male child next. At a provincial level, the prevalence of the name Zhaodi can be viewed as an indicator of son preference. Clan culture, deeply intertwined with Confucianism, emphasizes a patriarchal lineage and distinct social norms, such as sons enjoying more privileges than daughters. Though clan culture permeates throughout China, its intensity varies across provinces. This study aims to investigate the provincial variations in the naming of Zhaodi and its correlation with clan culture. We hypothesize that regions with a stronger clan culture are more likely to name their daughters Zhaodi.Data on the prevalence of Zhaodi and clan culture across provinces were sourced from public government databases. Initially, the frequency of Zhaodi was obtained from www.gjzwfw.gov.cn, considering the top 10 popular surnames. Subsequently, female population data was sourced from the National Bureau of Statistics (www.stats.gov.cn). The prevalence of Zhaodi was then computed by dividing the frequency of Zhaodi by the female population, adjusted per million (ppm) for each province. Clan culture strength was determined by the prevalence of jiapu, as per the methodology of Greif and Tabellini (2017). Data on jiapu was sourced from the National Jiapu Platform of the Shanghai Library (www.library.sh.cn). Control variables included modernity, percentage of rice paddy, climate demand, latitude, societal tightness, and population density.Results indicated significant provincial variations in the naming of Zhaodi, ²(473236764,17) = 99874, p This study underscores the provincial variations in the naming of Zhaodi and establishes a positive correlation with clan culture. These insights enrich cultural psychology by quantitatively assessing the impact of clan culture, a feat rarely achieved. Furthermore, it highlights the societal implications of the name Zhaodi as an indicator of son preference.Conclusion: This research reveals significant provincial variations in the naming of Zhaodi and establishes a positive correlation between such naming practices and the strength of clan culture.
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