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学龄前儿童24小时动作行为与抑制控制的关联

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Isotemporal Substitution Effect of 24h Movement Behavior on Inhibitory Control of Preschool Children

摘要: 学龄前儿童正处于抑制控制发展的“关键期”,尽管以往研究发现身体活动会改善儿童的抑制控制能力,但该能力是如何受到24小时动作行为的综合影响尚存争议。因此,本研究采用相关问卷测量24小时动作行为,使用Fish flanker和Emotional flanker范式测量学前儿童的“冷”、“热”抑制控制,采用成分数据的等时替代模型,探究24小时动作行为与学龄前儿童“冷”、“热”抑制控制的关联。结果发现学龄前儿童24小时动作行为与其“冷”、“热”抑制控制存在显著性关联,且以牺牲久坐行为或低强度身体活动为代价增加中高强度身体活动的时间,或者牺牲久坐行为或低强度身体活动为代价增加睡眠时间与学龄前儿童“冷”、“热”抑制控制的积极变化有关。提示“冷”、“热”抑制控制的变化可以用学龄前儿童的日常24小时动作行为成分来解释,且这一变化因动作行为的不同组合而异。
Abstract: Preschool-aged children are situated within a crucial phase for the enhancement of their inhibitory control capabilities. Recent investigations have unveiled that the inhibitory control of preschoolers is not a simplistic, unidimensional construct. Rather, it progressively divides into “hot” inhibition and “cold” inhibition, with these facets maturing as children grow older. Remarkably, all two aspects bear substantial significance for the advancement of children's higher cognitive capacities and emotional regulation proficiencies. Prior inquiries have indicated that a solitary 24-hour movement behavior, such as physical activity, sedentary conduct, or sleep, possesses the potential to influence the inhibitory control abilities of preschool children. Nonetheless, some scholars have critiqued the flawed approach of examining the impact of isolated movement behaviors on cognitive development. Consequently, new research endeavors should adopt a comprehensive perspective, investigating the collective influence of these three behaviors in order to comprehensively analyze their effects on the psychological development of preschool children.
Therefore, this study combined questionnaire measurement and behavioral experiments, and used the Isotemporal substitution model of compositional data to explore the association between 24-hour Movement behavior and “cold” and “hot” inhibition control in preschool children. Based on inclusion/exclusion criteria and their parents’ answers to a self-reported questionnaire, 66 preschoolers (3-6 years) were investigated in this study. Relevant questionnaires were used to measure 24-hour movement behavior, and Fish flanker and Emotional flanker paradigms were used to measure the “cold” and “hot” inhibitory control of preschoolers. The time of light physical activity (LPA), moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behavior (SB) were calculated according to the range specified by the authors. Sleep duration (SLP) was measured using a self-compiled questionnaire consistent with previous studies; the correct rate indexes of Fish Flanker and Emotion Flanker tasks were automatically recorded by the computer.
The results showed that the temporal distribution of 24-hour movement behavior were statistically significant (p<0.001) with “cold” and “hot” inhibitory control of preschoolers. The isotemporal substitution results show the difference in prediction between “cold” and “hot” inhibitory control when 10 minutes of movement behavior is reassigned to other movement behaviors and the remaining movement behaviors remain unchanged. In terms of “cold” inhibitory control, isotemporal substitution analysis revealed that the correct rate of “cold” inhibitory control increased significantly after 10 minutes of SLP replaced SB or LPA, and this also happened after MVPA replaced SB or LPA. In terms of “hot” inhibitory control, when SB, LPA were reassigned for 10 minutes to SLP, the predicted “hot” inhibitory control of children was higher than the predicted average “hot” inhibitory control. Whereas the opposite allocation pattern (10 min reallocation from SLP to SB, LPA) predicted the opposite “hot” inhibitory control change, but these relationships were asymmetrical.
In conclusion, during the preschool stage, inhibitory control is influenced by 24-hour movement behaviors, and this influence varies depending on the different combinations of these behaviors. When comparing light physical activity (LPA) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), substituting sedentary behavior (SB) with moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sleep duration (SLP) yields the most notable enhancement in children's inhibitory control. This study explored the relationship between 24-hour movement behavior and “cold” and “hot” inhibitory control of preschool children, which can provide scientific basis for the cultivation of inhibitory control ability of preschool children and 24-hour exercise guidelines.
 

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[V1] 2023-11-29 21:28:34 ChinaXiv:202312.00009V1 下载全文
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